Reference Technical Specifications

Malaysia Recovered Used Oil Specifications
Parameter Test Method Limit
Flash Point ASTM D 93 ≥ 37.7°C
Total Halogen ASTM D 5384 1000 ppm maximum
Arsenic ASTM D 5185 5 ppm
Cadmium ASTM D 5185 2 ppm
Chromium ASTM D 5185 10 ppm
Lead ASTM D 5185 100 ppm
Appearance Physical Observation The recovered waste oil must have a clear and bright appearance
Polyaromatic Hydrocarbons
Benzo(a)pyrene EPA 8270 D 10 mg/kg
Dibenz(ah)anthracene EPA 8270 D 10 mg/kg
Benz(a)anthracene EPA 8270 D 100 mg/kg
Benzo(b)fluoranthene EPA 8270 D 100 mg/kg
Benzo(k)fluoranthene EPA 8270 D 100 mg/kg
Chrysene EPA 8270 D 100 mg/kg
Indeno(123-cd)pyrene EPA 8270 D 100 mg/kg


API Base Oil Classifications
Group Viscosity Index Saturates Sulfur Other
I ≥ 80 to < 120 < 90% and/or > 0.03 % -
II ≥ 80 to < 120 ≥ 90% and ≤ 0.03 % -
III ≥ 120 ≥ 90% and ≤ 0.03 % -
IV PAO (Polyalpha Olefin)
V Everything else


SAE Viscosity Grades for Engine Oil (SAE J300)
SAE Viscosity Grade Low-Temperature Cranking Viscosity. Maximum (1) Low-Temperature (oC) Pumping Viscosity with No Yield Stress. Maximum (2) Low-Shear-Rate Kinematic Viscosity at 100oC. (3) High-Shear-Rate Viscosity at 150oC. Minimum (4)
0W 6,200 mPa-s at – 35oC 60,000 mPa-s at -40oC ≥ 3.8 mm2/s -
5W 6,000 mPa-s at – 30oC 60,000 mPa-s at -35oC ≥ 3.8 mm2/s -
10W 7,000 mPa-s at – 25oC 60,000 mPa-s at -30oC ≥ 4.1 mm2/s -
15W 7,000 mPa-s at – 20oC 60,000 mPa-s at -25oC ≥ 5.6 mm2/s -
20W 9,500 mPa-s at – 15oC 60,000 mPa-s at -20oC ≥ 5.6 mm2/s -
25W 13,000 mPa-s at – 10oC 60,000 mPa-s at -15oC ≥ 9.3 mm2/s -
8 - ≥ 4.0 to < 6.1 mm2/s 1.7 mPa-s
12 - - ≥ 5.0 to < 7.1 mm2/s 2.0 mPa-s
16 - - ≥ 6.1 to < 8.2 mm2/s 2.3 mPa-s
20 - - ≥ 6.9 to < 9.3 mm2/s 2.6 mPa-s
30 - - ≥ 9.3 to < 12.5 mm2/s 2.9 mPa-s
40 - - ≥ 12.5 to < 16.3 mm2/s 3.5 mPa-s (0W-40, 5W-40 and 10W-40 grades)
40 - - ≥ 12.5 to < 16.3 mm2/s 3.7 mPa-s (15W-40, 20W-40, 25W-40, 40 grades)
50 - - ≥ 16.3 to < 21.9 mm2/s 3.7
60 - - ≥ 21.9 to < 26.1 mm2/s 3.7

Test Methods

(1) ASTM D5293
(2) ASTM D4684
(3) ASTM D445
(4) ASTM D5481

ISO 3887 – Industrial Oil Viscosity Grade
Industrial Oil ISO Grade Kinematic Viscosity at 40oC (ASTM D 445). mm2/s
Mid-point Minimum Maximum
ISO VG 2 2.2 2.8 2.42
ISO VG 3 3.2 2.88 3.52
ISO VG 5 4.6 4.14 5.06
ISO VG 7 6.8 6.12 7.48
ISO VG 10 10 9 11
ISO VG 15 15 13.5 16.5
ISO VG 22 22 19.8 24.2
ISO VG 32 32 28.8 35.2
ISO VG 46 46 41.4 50.6
ISO VG 68 68 61.2 74.8
ISO VG 100 100 90 110
ISO VG 150 150 135 165
ISO VG 220 220 198 242
ISO VG 320 320 288 352
ISO VG 460 460 414 506
ISO VG 680 680 612 748
ISO VG 1000 1000 900 1100
ISO VG 1500 1500 1350 1650


Passenger Car Engine Oil Laboratory Test for API SN-RC/ILSAC GF-5 Categories
Requirements Test Method Properties Unit Limits SN-RC/GF-5
Viscosity Grades SAE J300 All those that apply, typically SAE 0W-20, 0W-30, 5W-20, 5W-30 and 10W-30 Manufacturer sets targets within SAE J300
Foam Tests ASTM D892, Option A Sequence I, tendency/stability
Sequence II, tendency/stability
Sequence III, tendency/stability
Sequence IV, tendency/stability
ml
ml
ml
ml
10/0 max
50/0 max
10/0 max
100/0 max
EOFT ASTM D6795 Filterability % flow reduction 50 max
EOWTT ASTM D6794 Filterability 0.6% water
Filterability 1.0% water
Filterability 2.0% water
Filterability 3.0% water
% flow reduction
% flow reduction
% flow reduction
% flow reduction
50 max
50 max
50 max
50 max
Aged Oil Low-temperature Pumpability ASTM D4684 MRV TP-1 Apparent Viscosity and Yield Stress mPa-s < 60,000 with no yield stress
TEOST 33C ASTM D6335 High temperature deposits Total deposit weight, mg 30 max
TEOST MHT ASTM D7097 High temperature deposits Deposit weight, mg 35 max
Emulsion retention ASTM D7563 Oil mixed with 10% water and 10% E85 0oC and 25oC @ 24 hours No water separation
Homogeneity and Miscibility ASTM D6922 Oil Compatibility None Pass
Gelation Index ASTM D5133 Scanning Brookfield Viscosity, Yield Stress Calculated 12 max
Volatility ASTM D5800
ASTM D6417
Evaporation Loss (Noack)
Simulated distillation (GC)
% off @ 250oC
% off @ 371oC
15 max
10 max
Ball Rust Test ASTM D6557 Rust Rating Average Gray Value 100 min
Elastomer compatibility ASTM D7216, Annex A2
Polyacrylate Rubber
ACM-1 (SAE J2643)
ASTM D471
ASTM D2240
ASTM D412
Volume
Hardness
Tensile Strength
% change
pts
% change
-5,9
-10,10
-40,40
Hydrogenated Nitrile
HNBR-1 (SAE J2643)
ASTM D471
ASTM D2240
ASTM D412
Volume
Hardness
Tensile Strength
% change
pts
% change
-5,10
-10,5
-20,15
Silicone Rubber
VMQ-1 (SAE J2643)
ASTM D471
ASTM D2240
ASTM D412
Volume
Hardness
Tensile Strength
% change
pts
% change
-5,40
-30,10
-50,5
Fluorocarbon Rubber
FKM-1 (SAE J2643)
ASTM D471
ASTM D2240
ASTM D412
Volume
Hardness
Tensile Strength
% change
pts
% change
-2,3
-6,6
-65,10
Ethylene Acrylic Rubber
AEM-1 (SAE J2643)
ASTM D471
ASTM D2240
ASTM D412
Volume
Hardness
Tensile Strength
% change
pts
% change
-5,30
-20,10
-30,30
Phosphorus ASTM D4951 Phosphorus content % 0.06 to 0.08
Sulfur ASTM D4951 Sulfur content of SAE 0W and SW multigrades % 0.5 max
Sulfur ASTM D4951 Sulfur content of SAE 10W multigrades % 0.6 max


Passenger Car Engine Oil Laboratory Test for API SN-RC/ILSAC GF-4 Categories
Requirements Test Method Properties Unit Limits SN-RC/GF-5
Viscosity Grades SAE J300 All those that apply, typically SAE 0W-20, 0W-30, 5W-20, 5W-30 and 10W-30 Manufacturer sets targets within SAE J300
Foam Tests ASTM D892, Option A Sequence I, tendency/stability
Sequence II, tendency/stability
Sequence III, tendency/stability
Sequence IV, tendency/stability
ml
ml
ml
ml
10/0 max
50/0 max
10/0 max
100/0 max
Phosphorus ASTM D4951 Phosphorus content % 0.06 to 0.08
EOFT ASTM D6795 Filterability % flow reduction 50 max
EOWTT ASTM D6794 Filterability 0.6% water
Filterability 1.0% water
Filterability 2.0% water
Filterability 3.0% water
% flow reduction
% flow reduction
% flow reduction
% flow reduction
50 max
50 max
50 max
50 max
TEOST MHT4 ASTM D7097 High temperature deposits Deposit weight, mg 35 max
Homogeneity and Miscibility ASTM D6922 Oil Compatibility None Pass
Gelation Index ASTM D5133 Scanning Brookfield Viscosity, Yield Stress Calculated 12 max
Volatility ASTM D5800
ASTM D6417
Evaporation Loss (Noack)
Simulated distillation (GC)
% off @ 250oC
% off @ 371oC
15 max
10 max
Ball Rust Test ASTM D6557 Rust Rating Average Gray Value 100 min
Sulfur ASTM D4951 Sulfur content of SAE 0W and SW multigrades % 0.5 to 0.7
Aged Oil Low-temperature Pumpability ASTM D4684 MRV TP-1 Apparent Viscosity and Yield Stress mPa-s < 60,000 with no yield stress


Passenger Car Engine Oil Test for API SJ and SL
Requirements Test Properties Unit LimitsLimits
SJ/EC GF-2 SL/EC GF-3
Viscosity Grades SAE J300 All those that apply, typically SAE 0W-20, 0W-30, 5W-20, 5W-30 and 10W-30 Manufacturer sets targets within SAE J300
Foam Tests ASTM D892 Sequence I
Sequence II
Sequence III
Sequence IV
ml initial Foam/ml after settling 10/0 max
50/0 max
10/0 max
200/50 max
10/0 max
50/0 max
10/0 max
100/0 max
Phosphorus ASTM D4951 Phosphorus content % 0.10 max 0.10 max
EOFT ASTM D6795 0.6% water – with dry ice – % reduction in flow % 50 max 50 max
EOWTT ASTM D6794 0.6% water – without dry ice – % rate of change
1.0% water – without dry ice – % rate of change
2.0% water – without dry ice – % rate of change
3.0% water – without dry ice – % rate of change
%
%
%
%
report
report
report
report
50 max
50 max
50 max
50 max
TEOST 33C ASTM D6335 Total Deposit, max mg 60 max Not Required
TEOST MHT4 ASTM D7097 High temperature deposits mg Not Required 45 max
Homogeneity and Miscibility ASTM D6922 Oil Compatibility Pass Pass
Scanning Brookfield ASTM D5133 Gelation Index 12 max 12 max
Volatility ASTM D5800
ASTM D6417
Evaporation Loss (Noack)
Simulated distillation (GC)
%
%
22 max
17 max
15 max
10 max
BRT ASTM D6557 Rust Rating Gray Value 100 min 100 min


Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine Test Category For API CJ-4
Requirements Test Properties Unit Limits
Viscosity Grades SAE J300 All those that apply, typically SAE 0W-20, 0W-30, 5W-20, 5W-30 and 10W-30 Manufacturer sets targets within SAE J300
High Temperature Corrosion, 135oC ASTM D6594 Copper, used oil increase, max
Lead, used oil increase, max
Copper Strip Rating, max (D130)
Tin increase, max
ppm
ppm
-
ppm
20
120
3
Report
Foaming ASTM D892 Foaming/Settling, max
Sequence I
Sequence II
Sequence III

ml
ml
ml

10/0 max
20/0 max
10/0 max

Shear Stability ASTM D7109 KV @ 100oC after 90-passes for SAE XW40
KV @ 100oC after 90-passes for SAE XW30
cSt
cSt
12.5 min
9.3 min
Noack Volatility ASTM D5800 Evap loss @ 250oC, Vis grades other than SAE 10W-30, max
Evap loss @ 250oCm SAE 10W-30, max
%
%
13
15
High Temperature / High Shear ASTM D5481 Viscosity at 150oC, min mPa-s 3.5
Sooted Oil MRV ASTM D6896 180 hour sample from Mack T-11 or T-11A
Viscosity @ -20oC, max
Yield stress

cP
Pa

25,000
< 35

Chemical Limits ASTM D874
ASTM D4951
ASTM D4951
Sulfated Ash, max
Phosphorus, max
Sulfur, max
%
%
%
1.0
0.12
0.4
Volume Change Hardness Tensile Strength Elongation
Seal Compatibility
(ASTM D7216)
Nitrile
Silicone
Polyacrylate
FKM
Vamac G
+5 / -3
+TMC1006/ -
+5 / -3
+5 / -2
+TMC1006 / -3
+7 / -5
+5 / -TMC1006
+8 / -5
+7 / -5
+5 / -TMC1006
+10 / -TMC1006
+10 / -45
+18 / -15
+10 / -TMC1006
+10 / -TMC1006
+ 10 / – TMC1006
+20 / -30
+10 / -35
+10 / -TMC1006
+10 / -TMC1006


Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine Test Category For API CI-4 and CI-4 Plus
Requirements Test Properties Unit Limits
Viscosity Grades SAE J300 All those that apply, typically SAE 0W-20, 0W-30, 5W-20, 5W-30 and 10W-30 Manufacturer sets targets within SAE J300
High Temperature Corrosion Bench Test ASTM D6594 Copper, used oil increase, max
Lead, used oil increase, max
Copper Strip Rating, max (D130)
Tin increase, max
ppm
ppm
-
ppm
20
120
3
Report
Foaming ASTM D892
(Option A not allowed)
Foaming/Settling, max
Sequence I
Sequence II
Sequence III

ml
ml
ml

10/0 max
20/0 max
10/0 max
Shear Stability ASTM D6278 After shear viscosity, SAE 10W-30, min
After shear viscosity, SAE 15W-40, min
cSt
cSt
9.3
12.5
Noack Volatility ASTM D5800 Evaporative loss at 250oC, max % 15
High Temperature / High Shear ASTM D5481 Viscosity at 150oC, min mPa-s 3.5
Low Temperature Pumpability ASTM D4684 Viscosity of 75h used oil sample from T-10 Test at -20oC, max mPa-s 25,000
Modified D4684
(if yield stress)
Viscosity at -20oC, max
Yield stress, max
mPa-s
Pa
25,000
35
Chemical Limits ASTM D874
ASTM D4951
ASTM D4951
Sulfated Ash, max
Phosphorus, max
Sulfur, max
%
%
%
1.0
0.12
0.4
Volume Change Hardness Tensile Strength Elongation
Seal Compatibility
(ASTM D7216)
Nitrile
Silicone
Polyacrylate
FKM
+5 / -3
+TMC1006/ -
+5 / -3
+5 / -2
+7 / -5
+5 / -TMC1006
+8 / -5
+7 / -5
+10 / -TMC1006
+10 / -45
+18 / -15
+10 / -TMC1006
+ 10 / – TMC1006
+20 / -30
+10 / -35
+10 / -TMC1006


Heavy Duty Diesel Engine Test Category for API CH-4
Requirements Test Properties Unit Limits
Viscosity Grades SAE J300 All those that apply, typically SAE 0W-20, 0W-30, 5W-20, 5W-30 and 10W-30 Manufacturer sets targets within SAE J300
High Temperature Corrosion Bench Test ASTM D6594 Copper, used oil increase, max
Lead, used oil increase, max
Copper Strip Rating, max (D130)
Tin increase, max
ppm
ppm
-
ppm
20
120
3
Report
Foaming ASTM D892
(Option A not allowed)
Foaming/Settling, max
Sequence I
Sequence II
Sequence III

ml
ml
ml

10/0 max
20/0 max
10/0 max

Shear Stability ASTM D6278 After shear viscosity, SAE 10W-30, min
After shear viscosity, SAE 15W-40, min
cSt
cSt
9.3
12.5
Volatility ASTM D5800

ASTM D2887 or
ASTM D5480

Noack (SAE 10W-30)
Noack (SAE 15W-40)
or
GCD (SAE 10W-30)
GCD (SAE 15W-40)
% loss
% loss

% loss
% loss

20
18

17
15


ASTM Standard Specifications for Diesel Fuel Oils – ASTM D975
Property Test Method Grade
No. 1-D
S15
No. 1-D
S500
No. 1-D
S5000
No. 2-D
S15
No. 2-D
S500
No. 2-D
S5000
No. 4-D
Flash Point, oC, min D 93 38 38 38 52 52 52 55
Water and Sediment, % vol, max D 2709 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05
Distillation Temp., oC 90%, % vol recovered
min
max
D 86


288


288


288

282
338

282
338

282
338


Kinematic Viscosity, mm2/s at 40oC
min
max
D 445

1.3
2.4

1.3
2.4

1.3
2.4

1.9
4.1

1.9
4.1

1.9
4.1

5.5
24.0

Ash % mass, max D 482 0.01 Sul 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01
Sulfur, ppm (µg/g) max
% mass, max
% mass, max

D 5453
D 2622

15


0.05


15


0.05



Copper Strip corrosion rating, max
(3 h at a minimum control temperature of 50oC)
D 130 No. 3 No. 3 No. 3 No. 3 No. 3 No. 3
Cetane Number, min
One of the following properties must be met:
1)Cetaine Index, min
Aromaticity, % vol, max
D 613

D 976
D 1319

40

40
35

40

40
35

40


40

40
35

40

40
35

40


30


Operability Requirements
Cloud Point, oC, max
or
LFFT, CFPP, oC, max

D 2500

D 4539 / D 6371

A

A

A

A

A

A

Ramsbotoom carbon residue on 10% distillation residue, % mass, max D524 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.35 0.35 0.35
Lubricity, HFRR @ 60oC, micron, max D 6079 520 520 520 520 520 520
Conductivity, pS/m or Conductivity Units (C.U), min D 2624/ D 4308 25 25 25 25 25 25

A – low temperature properties depend on operational ambient temperature.


ASTM Standard Specifications for Gas Turbine Fuel Oil – ASTM D 2880
Property ASTM Test Method Grade
No. 0-GT No. 1-GT No. 2-GT No. 3-GT No. 4-GT
Flash Point, oC, min D 93 A 38 38 55 66
Water and Sediment, % vol, max D 2709 0.05 0.05 0.05
Distillation Temperature, oC, 90% volume recovered
min
max



288

282
338




Kinematic Viscosity, mm2/s
at 40oC
min
max
at 100oC
max
D 445 A

1.3
2.4

1.9
4.1

5.5

50.0

5.5

50.0

Ramsbottom Carbon Residue
on 10% distillation residue, % mass, max
D 524 0.15 0.15 0.35
Ash, % mass, max D 482 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.03
Density at 15oC kg/m3 max D 1298 850 876
Pour Point, oC, max D 97 -18 -6

Note : A When the flash point is below 38°C (100°F) or when kinematic viscosity is below 1.3 mm2/s at 40°C (104°F) or when both conditions exist, the turbine manufacturer should be consulted with respect to safe handling and fuel system design.