Our current energy source of fossil fuel is depleting at a much faster rate than new ones are being generated. The rapid depletion rate is unsustainable and therefore, considerable time and resources have been put into finding long-term and more sustainable source of energy.
Biofuels are a form of renewable and biodegradable energy source made from various biomass-based products. Two types of biofuels are available: bioethanol and fatty acid methyl ester (FAME). Bioethanol is produced from sugar fermentation process using starch-rich crops such corn, wheat, barley, sugar beet and even algae. The resulting sugar fermentation yields ethanol, a type of alcohol which will be purified further.
FAME, another form of biofuel, is what commonly referred to as biodiesel. It has physical properties similar to those of conventional diesel. Biodiesel is produced by the esterification of edible oil with alcohol. So far, oil crops such as palm, canola, and soy have been used to produce biodiesel. In many parts of the world, biodiesel is seen as a move forward in the global effort to combat fuel shortage. The B20, a blend of 20% palm oil methyl esters and 80% petroleum diesel is part of Malaysia’s green fuel programme to decrease dependency on fossil fuel and to encourage the usage of domestic palm oil.
At Pentas Flora Laboratory, we support the efforts to expand research in biofuels quality by offering a comprehensive test package on biodiesel.
To view biofuel analysis tests list, please click the link below:
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